In California, alfalfa varieties
are tested over a wide range of environments, from 3-cut systems (dormant
varieties) in the North, to 9 cut systems (non-dormant varieties) in the South.
We grow varieties from very heavy to very light soils.
The Alfalfa Acreages Map on the left illustrates areas
where alfalfa is grown in California. Select one to view variety data
summaries for that area.
Alfalfa Variety Trial Data
Alfalfa growers need to select alfalfa varieties based on yield and
quality performance in their specific region. The varieties best suited for the high elevation
intermountain valleys of northeastern California are different from the varieties adapted to
the warmer, longer-season production areas in the remainder of the state. After choosing
varieties with growth characteristics and pest and disease resistances suitable for your area,
plant test strips to check their performance under specific field and management conditions.
Time and money spent on selecting the most suitable variety will be rewarded with higher
yields and a net increase in profits.